Egypt: Video: Secrets of ancient Egyptian doctor life

The ancient Egyptian word for doctor is "swnw". This title has a long history. 
The earliest recorded physician in the world Hesy-Ra, practiced in ancient Egypt. He was "Chief of Dentists and Physicians" to King Djoser, who ruled in the 27th century BC. 
The lady Peseshet (2400 BC) may be the first recorded female doctor: she was possibly the mother of Akhethotep, and on a stela dedicated to her in his tomb she is referred to as imy-r swnwt, which has been translated as "Lady Overseer of the Lady Physicians" (swnwt is the feminine of swnw). 
There were many ranks and specializations in the field of medicine. 
Royalty employed their own swnw, even their own specialists. 
There were inspectors of doctors, overseers and chief doctors. 
Known ancient Egyptian specialists are ophthalmologists, gastroenterologist, proctologist, dentist, "doctor who supervises butchers" and unspecified "inspector of liquids". 
The ancient Egyptian term for proctologist, neru phuyt, literally translates as "shepherd of the anus". The latter title is already attested around 2200 BC by Irynachet. 
Institutions, called (Per Ankh) or Houses of Life, are known to have been established in ancient Egypt since the 1st Dynasty and may have had medical functions, being at times associated in inscriptions with physicians, such as Peftauawyneit and Wedjahorresnet living in the middle of the 1st millennium BC. By the time of the 19th Dynasty, their employees enjoyed such benefits as medical insurance, pensions and sick leave.
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